Papermoney Dictionary

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magnetic ink marks — Coded or alphanumeric marks printed on notes, cheques, travellers cheques, etc, to facilitate sorting and counting using electromechanical devices.

Magyar — Hungary, in Hungarian.

mailorder, mail order — Currently (and historically) the predo-minant marketplace for syngraphic collectibles. This extensive sub-ject is clearly beyond the scope of this dictionary. Fortunately, there is a book available on this subject: How To Buy And Sell Collectors Items (Stamps, Coins, Papermonies & Other Collectibles) Profitably By Mail. Ask for a descriptive flyer from: M Tiitus, Forest City IA 50436-0008 USA.

major variety — See: variety and varieties, minor

Malagasy Republic — Official name for Madagascar used briefly during the 1970s.

Malgache — Malagasy, in French.

mandate (issues) — The issues for a country or territory held in mandate, ie, controlled, by another country as a result of war, or in trust while awaiting a peace treaty. Also, the area so administered.

manuscript — Hand written, in Latin. Also, something written or typed which is presented to an editor or a publisher for approval. In syngraphics, a fancy word for describing a hand written signature, date or serial number on a note, commonly with an ink pen.

margin — The empty or blank area, if any, outside the border, qv, of a note or or stamp. Uneven margins, particularly if the left and right margins, are displeasing to the discriminating eye. Try to visualize a note or stamp you have seen that did not have a margin. See also: border, frame.

Maroc — Morocco, in Moroccan (Arabic).

mc — Multicolor(ed), a priclist abbreviation.

measurements — Measurements of paper documents are always given in millimeters, the horizontal dimension preceding the vertical [HxVmm]. Landscape format has H>V. Portrait format has H<V. Unless specified otherwise, the size of a note is the size of the paper, not any aspect of its design, eg, the frame. See also: size.

medium of exchange — The most general name for things or services exchanged, including money, credit, hours of labor, etc, etc, indeed anything of value.

medium of payment — Anything of value accepted as payment for other values rendered. A somewhat narrower term than medium of exchange, inasmuch as the creditor may refuse certain media which he did not expect to be offered and/or cannot use. Sometimes the creditor has no choice, eg, a prisoner-of-war given POW scrip.

memorandum check(s) — Checks used internally by a bank to fa-cilitate accounting re customers debits such as service charges, etc.

military chits — Chits, usually in several small denominations, issued to military personnel, spendable in lieu of cash at officers clubs, NCO clubs, etc.

military currency — Currency issued solely for the use of military personnel. The objective is to avoid jeopardizing the nation's regular currency. In case of war, moneys could fall into the hands of enemy forces. In an occupied territory, the danger is black marketeering.

Military Payment Certificate(s) — USA military currency issued for use only in USA military establishments. New series of such notes have been introduced at various times without warning, with all troops being confinded to camp for the lightning changeover. Thus, unauthorized holders were left with worthless paper.

millimeter — One thousanth of a meter. Approximately 25.4mm equals one inch. Stamp and note measurements, and coin diameters, are always given in mm.

MIM — Magnetic Ink Mark(s), an abbreviation.

Ming notes — Large Chinese notes of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), printed on paper made from the bark of a mulberry tree. Probably the earliest papermoney specimen still available to collec-tors today.

miniature sheet — A single stamp or block of stamps with a margin on all sides bearing some special wording or design. See also: souvenir sheet.

minor variety — See: variety, and varieties, minor.

mismatched serial numbers — A note with a serial number appearing twice (or possibly more times, in rare instances), with at least one mismatched digit between them. Clearly a collectible printing error.

missing serial numbers — Ostensibly a printing error, but not very collectible since serial numbers on many modern notes are easily removed with a soft eraser and a modicum of patience in avoiding damage to paper fibers.

mm — Millimeter(s), a universal abbreviation.  Stamp and note measurements, and coin diameters, are always given in mm.

mishandled — A collectible whose condition, or grade, has been reduced by poor handling rather than normal wear.

misprint — A note or stamp containing an error distinctly traceable to the printing process. For example, mismatched serial numbers, missing colors, etc, are misprints, or misprint errors. Errors traceable to the design process, such as misspellings in the text or errors in design, are design errors, or simply errors.

mistake — A minor error, qv. An error in composition, such as a misspelled word.

moeda — Money, coin, in Portugese.

moneda — Money, coin, in Spanish.

Monera — A class of protozoans without definite structure and without any recognizable nucleus. The moral: Not everything that sounds like money, is.

money — Any medium of exchange reckoned in terms of definite or indefinite numbers. A most generic term, it includes papermonies, coins, checks, bank accounts, gold dust and bullion of known weight, credit of all kinds, etc, etc. By extension then, papermoney is the most generic term for money made of paper.

moneyer — Banker. Capitalist. An authorized coiner of money. All are obsolete definitions. Yes, but could we use it to coin paper moneyer? Naaah! Syngraphist still sounds better.

money grubberWebster: A person who concentrates his energies on the acquiring of money. Hmm...I'd much prefer to be referred to as a syngraphist, qv.

money order — An order for the payment of a specified sum of money, as one issued for a fee by a post office or bank, and payable at another without a fee.

Montgomery Notes — Confederate States of America notes of 1861 issued in Montgomery, Alabama, the first capital of The Confederacy.

Mormon scrip — Notes issued by the Mormon Church (aka, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) in Salt Lake City, USA. The most common are the Bishop's Store notes, issued in late 1890s, redeemable in agrarian commodities.

MPC — Military Payment Certificate(s), an acronym.

Muestra — Specimen, in Spanish.

mule — A note printed from two plates which were not intended to be used together. Ergo, an error produced in the printing process. Also, a coin produced with two dies not intended for each other.

multicolor(ed) — A note or stamp printed with more than two inks. If printed with two inks, it is bicolored. Color of paper is not counted.

multidenominational — Having many denominations. Notes denomi-nated in more than two currencies to facilitate exchange. Notes denominated in two denominations are bidimensional.

multilingual — In many languages. Notes, stamps, etc, which incorporate more than two languages. Examples include USSR, India, etc. Items which incorporate two languages, eg, Canada, Belgium, etc, are bilingual.

multiverse — Is there more than one universe? Do we live in a multiverse? If yes, and if each universe requires a God to operate it, do these Gods get together occasionally over coffee to compare notes? Are They even interested in syngraphics? Well, it seems like such a divine hobby...

municipal note — A note issued by a municipal government. Many depression scrip issues were municipal notes.

muntbiljet — Currency note, in Dutch.

Muster — Specimen, in German.

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