Papermoney Dictioary

D

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d — Dark. A pricelist abbreviation, essentially for describing colors. Also given as dk. See also: l, for light.

d — Symbol for Pence, a monetary unit of Great Britain until 1970. One pound contained 20 shillings (until decimalization in 1971), and one shilling contained 12 pence. [Thus, 1 = 20/- = 240d; 10/- = 120d; etc. For example, 3/2/6 reads 3 pounds, 2 shillings, sixpence.] (Since decimalization, 1 Pound equals 100 New Pence. With time, the "New" has been dropped. And, the symbol is no longer d, but p.)

Dai Ichi Ginko — A term found on certain notes of Korea.

Dai Nippon — A term found on certain notes of Japan.

darlehnsbank — State loan bank, in German.

darlehnskassenschein — State loan office note, in German.

date — In general, the date which appears on the paper document, as distinguished from the date of issue which may be different either because the document was issued before or after the date on it, or because the date on the note was changed with each printing. A date sometimes consists only of the year (almost always re coins). A lower case "c" may sometimes appear before the date, eg, c1937, on some dealers lists, meaning "approximately" (from circa, in Latin), indicating that the dealer has several date varieties of the major variety in stock. Please see also the next entry.

(date) — A date in parenthesis, eg (1959), indicates the known or surmised date of issue of an undated note, or a note bearing a date different from the date of issue.

dead country — A country which no longer issues notes (and/or coins, stamps) either because it has ceased to exist, or because it has changed its name.

dealer — An experienced dealer is one who has a ready retort to the question (asked by a diplomatically challenged collector): "What did YOU pay for THAT?"

decreto — Decree, in Spanish.

definitive issue — A series of notes or stamps intended for general use, as distinguished from those issued for temporary, provisional, or commemorative use. Definitive stamps are usually sold at the post office for a relatively long period of time. (Synonym: regular)

Demand Certificate of Deposit — A certificate of deposit payable upon demand.  A tautological definition, yes, but included here to indicate that such named paper documents have existed.

Demand Notes — The first series of US paper currency put into circulation by authority of the Act of 1861. So called because the notes carry the obligation, The United State promises to pay the bearer...dollars on demand. Denominations were $5, $10 and $20. These were the original greenbacks, qv. (KP)

demonetized — A note or coin deprived of its standard value as money, ie, no longer redeemable. Not to be confused with notes no longer legal tender, but which are still redeemable by the issuer. An obsolete qv, note is not necessarily a demonetize note.

den, denom — Denomination, pricelist abbreviations.

denomination — One of a series of related monetary units for which a single (re major collector varieties) note, coin or stamp exists. In other words, the amount or "face value", qv, which appears on the item. A denomination seems to be related to planning and printing (or striking) a limited number of different, albeit well chosen, sums or denominations. In contrast, the sums on checks, which can be created nearly at random, are simply called amounts. The word quantity is occasionally used erroneously in place of number and/or amount by people with very limited understanding of English.

Depression Scrip — One of a great variety of emergency notes issued during the depression, c1933, generally by municipal govern-ments, to provide a circulating medium or make welfare payments.

des — Design. A pricelist abbreviation.

design — The printed portion of a syngraphic or philatelic item, as distinguished from the unprinted edge, and/or the color, texture, and watermark of the paper.

descriptication — A whimsical spelling of description, qv.

description — Information sufficient to, at best, help a collector identify a given note, and at worst, to help a collector determine whe-ther or not he already possesses a given note. In addition to basic info such as Issuer, Catalog Number, Denomination, Date, Printer, Condition, etc, a good shorhand description for a note follows this general format: (front description / back description).

Deutschland — Germany, in German.

Deutsch Ostafrika — German East Africa, in German.

device — In painting, sculpture, heraldry, and in syngraphic design, an emblem intended to represent a family, person, action or quality, usually with a suitable motto.

Devil's Head Notes — The early printings of the first series of Bank of Canada notes bearing the portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, all dated 1954, could be interpreted by an imaginative mind to contain a portion of a devil's head in the hair of the regent. An optical delusion, akin to seeing a familiar object in a cloud formation, possibly introduced by an anti-royalist engraver. Big furor ensued. Ho, hum! Anyway, the offending portion of the hair was soon re-engraved, and all the subsequent printings lived happily ever after.

die — A piece of metal upon which the original engraving of a note or stamp is made. Multiple reproductions (plates) are then taken of the die, and arranged into a compound printing plate for printing complete sheets. Moreover, additional things such as plate numbers can be added to individual plates.

dif — Different. A pricelist abbreviation.

diskette(s) — Aka, floppy disk(s). What most pricelists, from most dealers, will arrive on in the early years of The Third Millenium. Don't hold your breath, though. Humans always lag technologies. All of us know of at least a couple of otherwise excellent dealers who view typewriters with awe and incomprehension. This prediction has been brought to you as a special service by the editor of this book. [1994]

discount note — A type of credit slip issued issued by a merchant, with the purchase of goods or services, which offers a discount on a future purchase.

Displaced Persons Camp Ticket(s) — DP camps were set up by UNRRA, in many places in the American and British zones of Germany, shortly after the end of World War II, to house the multitude of Eastern European refugees from Russian Communism.  Although entry was voluntary, almost all refugees joined such camps because most had not had time to learn German, and the camps afforded, among other things, ethnic schools, churches, etc. The major reason, however, was that these camps held the hope of eventual emigration to USA, Canada, Australia, Argentina, South Africa, etc, and every refugee wanted to get as far away from the Russians and their Siberian Death Camps, as possible. The camps were launched in June 1945, and lasted until 1949. It should be noted that these camps, like many other post-war enterprises, were welfare affairs, ultimately underwritten by The American Taxpayer. The camp residents used German currency, like every-body else, but in about a year UNRRA set up special PXs where one could "buy" basic hygiene products such as toothpaste, razor blades, etc, and two different kinds of candies. And, every resident was given, yes much like food stamps are given nowadays, a certain "amount" in tickets, in CENTER and CAMP (100 Camp = 1 Center) denominations; these tickets were void after 30 days of issue. These PXs, or canteens, lasted for less than a year. I guess, most people spent their tickets, because although there were hundreds of DP camps, I have tickets from only one camp in my collection. It isn't that I've made any special effort, but one would think that in thirty years of rudimentary advertising I should have received more than one offer...

dix — Ten, in French. [The editor has, on occasion, been offered notes from a country named Dix. Actually, the denomination appears in large type on 19th Century notes issued in Louisiana. Recall that French was the prominent language in some states prior to The Louisiana Purchase. Anyway, this apparent trivia is included here because these notes had a role in the evolution of the name Dixie, as in "Deep in the heart of...", and a proud nickname for The Confederacy.]

dollar — The basic monetary unit, containing 100 cents, in the currencies of USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong and many other countries. Many Asian countries currencies, such as Yuan, Yen, Won, Hwan, etc, are simply native words for Dollar(s).

Dollar Sign — By convention, $ always precedes the numerical amount, as in $10.00. This despite the fact that when written out or spoken, the word dollar(s) follows the amount, as in ten tollars. To many European pricelist dealers this presents a conundrum at least as tough as the chicken and the egg poser. See also: $.

dominion note — A note issued by the Dominion of Canada.

double notes — Notes on which the two sides are intentionally and distinctly different issues of each other. A common practice during the American Civil War South where a paper shortage forced the printing of new notes on the blank backs of earlier obsolete notes.

DP Camp(s) — See: Displaced Persons Camp Notes.

draft — A written order by a bank, firm or individual to another, directing the payment of money. Synonyms: bill of exchange; check.

duplicate(s) — One or more of a given item already in a collection. An excess item or items. (Attractive though they may seem in moments of desperation, the following non-synonyms should be avoided at all cost: doubles, doublets, manys, mores, seconds, twins, twos, and last but not least, others.)

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